China, one of the world's top polluters, has again said that developed
nations should help it, and other developing economies, reduce greenhouse gas
emissions. Chinese officials say they will have trouble cutting the country's
use of polluting coal without cash and technology from rich countries. Daniel
Schearf reports from Beijing.
A new policy paper released
Wednesday repeats China's stance that developed nations did the most damage to
the planet historically so should therefore shoulder the most
It says rich countries should transfer high-technology
equipment for reducing greenhouse gases to developing nations.
acknowledges that China's reliance on coal for energy makes it hard for the
country to reduce emissions. China's use of cheap, and heavily polluting, coal
has helped power dramatic economic growth over three decades. But the result has
been badly polluted air and water, and China now rivals the United States as the
top emitter of greenhouse gases.
Xie Zhenhua is a deputy chief of
China's Development and Reform Commission, its main planning body. He says China
is increasing its clean energy supply to reduce emissions, but the cost is high.
He says China's renewable energy now equals only eight-point-three
percent of its non-renewable energy. He says by 2010 that proportion will reach
10 percent and by 2020 it will reach 15 percent. He says to realize these goals
China will need to invest more than 290 billion dollars.
officials say that to reduce those costs, developed economies should give at
least seven-tenths of one percent of their gross domestic product to help poor
countries fight global warming.
China aims to reduce emissions by
improving energy efficiency by 20 percent by 2010, but has struggled against the
increasing demand for power.
Gases such as carbon dioxide released from
burning coal and other fossil fuels are thought to be the major cause of climate
China is hosting an international conference with the United
Nations in November on transferring "green" technology and climate
Negotiations to the U.N.-sponsored Kyoto Protocol on reducing
greenhouse gas emissions are to resume in December.
The United States and
European Union want developing countries like China to commit to emission caps.
But, those countries argue a ceiling would stifle poverty reduction efforts.