The United States and India Friday signed an accord
allowing U.S. firms to sell nuclear fuel and technology to India, reversing a
three-decade ban on such trade. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Indian
Foreign Minister Pranab Mukherjee signed the accord in Washington. VOA's David
Gollust reports from the State Department.
Rice had hoped to sign the
agreement on a visit to New Delhi a week ago, just after the accord was approved
by the U.S. Congress.
But bureaucratic snags prevented a signing at that time, and Foreign Minister
Mukherjee flew to Washington Friday to formally conclude an agreement both sides
Three years in the making, the agreement will give India access to U.S.
nuclear fuel, reactors and technology, overturning a ban on such trade imposed
after India's first nuclear test in 1974.
The agreement was controversial in both capitals with U.S. critics saying it
weakens U.S. non-proliferation policy.
Indian opponents - who nearly brought down Prime Minister Monmohan Singh's
government earlier this year - say it could limit the country's nuclear weapons
But at the signing ceremony, Secretary Rice said the accord puts an end to
decades of distrust between the two countries and opens the door to vastly
expanded cooperation far beyond the nuclear field. "India and the United States
can do all of this and more together. There is so much that our two great
nations will achieve in this century, and with conclusion of this civil nuclear
agreement, our partnership will be limited only by our will and our imagination.
India and the United States have taken on an extremely difficult challenge.
We've met it, we've succeeded together," she said.
Foreign Minister Mukherjee for his part said India looks forward to working
with U.S. companies eager to enter India's potential multi-billion dollar
nuclear market. He said expanded civil nuclear power is central to the country's
hopes for enviromentally safe economic growth.
"Nuclear power will directly boost industrial growth, rural development, and
help us respond in every vital sector in our economy. It will also enable India
to respond with our global partners to the challenges of climate and global
warming, by strengthening her economic growth and sustainable development," he
President Bush earlier this week signed into law enabling legislation for the
nuclear deal approved by the U.S. Congress.
It clears the way for U.S. nuclear assistance in exchange for India's
agreement to open civilian, but not military, nuclear facilities to
Casting the accord as a major foreign policy achievement, Bush administration
officials say the partial opening of Indian nuclear facilities to outside
scrutiny is a significant advance.
Opponents in U.S. arms control groups say rewarding India, which has refused
to sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, is a poor example at a time when
the world community is trying to get Iran and North Korea to curb their nuclear