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Buddhism & Culture

Development of Buddhism in Tibet (Part II)


interiew with Geshe Lobsang Dawa, a teacher at the Buddhist school of dialectic, Dharamsala, India. Geshe Dawa says, Tibetan Buddhism has four main Schools, namely Nyingma, Kagyu, Sakya and Gelug. He says, Nyingma is the oldest, the original order founded by Padmasambhava and Shataraksita. Kagyu which means " Lineage of the Buddha's Word" is an oral tradition which is very much concerned with the experiential dimension of meditation. Its most famous exponent was Milarepa. Sakya or the " Grey Earth" is a school which represents the scholarly tradition founded by Khon Kunchok Gyalpo, a disciple of the great translator Drokmi Lotsawa. It traces its lineage to the Indian master Virupa. One of the greatest exponent of this tradition was Sakya Pandita. Then comes Gelug, the tradition founded by Lama Tsongkhapa.Geshe Dawa says, all the above mentioned schools of Tibetan Buddhist traditions have different names and teach different methods of practice but follow the same Buddha's teachings.

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