Spain’s top criminal court ruled to include Hu Jintao, former president of China, amongst those accused of crimes of genocide in Tibet. The lawsuit is being waged by the Spain based Tibet support group, Comite Committee and Thupten Wangchen, a Tibetan who is a Spanish citizen and co-plaintiff. In the course of the hearings, many ex-political prisoners, including Tanak Jigme Sangpo and Palden Gyatso, as well as groups such as the International Campaign for Tibet have testified.
Hu Jintao was the Communist party leader in Tibet from 1988-1992 when martial law was declared in Tibet, and the President of China over the last ten years when waves of crackdowns, reeducation campaigns, and detentions of peaceful protesters took place, and during which period over 120 Tibetans have carried out self-immolation protests inside Tibet.
The lawsuit includes several defendants but alleges that Hu is ultimately responsible for actions by the Chinese government aimed at eliminating the, ‘uniqueness and existence of Tibet as a country, imposing martial law, forced deportations, mass sterilizations and torture of dissidents.’
The indictment of Hu Jintao in a universal jurisdiction case means that he could be arrested and extradited to Spain to stand trial if he travels to a country that has an extradition agreement with Spain.