Thursday 2014/10/30

Radio / Reconstructing The 1950s

Reconstructing The 1950s A growing archive of interviews that tell the personal stories of Tibetans who lived through the historic changes that took place 50 years ago in Tibet when the Chinese army marched into Tibet.

  • Schedule: Tuesday & Sunday
  • UTC Time: 1400 & 0400
  • Duration: 25 minutes

Podcast

2012
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July 24, 2012

Lhakpa Recounts His Rescue of Kyidong Jowo Statue 53 Years Ago

During the mid-1950's, word of the Chinese army’s destruction of religious artifacts and imprisonment of religious leaders in eastern Tibet reached areas of Kyidong. Concerned about the safety of Kyidong Jowo Wati Sangpo, one of Tibet's most sacred ancient statue, the attendant of Dzonga Choede Monastery devised a plan to smuggle the statue into safety in India. In 1959, Lhakpa, who was a close friend of the attendant, was asked to accompany the Kyirong Jowo statue into India. Then 29-year-old Lhakpa and some companions embarked upon a mission to rescue the highly venerated ancient Buddha statue, from certain destruction at the hands of pillaging Chinese forces. Lhakpa, who is now 81 years old, recounts his journey of smuggling the statue from Kyidong into Nepal fifty-one years ago.


June 20, 2012

Invasion of Amdo: Amdo Dhodar

By 1952, China has not only deployed a huge military and civilian presence in many parts of Amdo, but many of them were activity involved in cracking down on any semblance of Tibetan resistance . Amdo Dhodar recounts the historic changes taking place in his hometown during the tumultuous years of 1950s through his own personal experience.


June 18, 2012

Tarring Ngudup Wangmu དངོས་གྲུབ་དབང་མོ།


June 15, 2012

Aku Pema ཨ་ཁུ་པད་མ།


June 14, 2012

Tsering Yangdol ཚེ་རིང་དབྱངས་སྒྲོན།


June 13, 2012

Nyarong Arting ཉ་རོང་ཨ་འབྲིང་།


June 12, 2012

Tehor Phuntsog ཏེ་བོ་ཕུན་ཚོགས།


June 11, 2012

Kunsang Jampa Longshar ཀུན་བཟང་བྱམས་པ།


June 08, 2012

Ngwang Lobsang Part 2 ངག་དབང་བློ་བཟང་།་༢


June 07, 2012

Karma Palden Gyaltang ཀརྨ་དཔལ་ལྡན་


June 06, 2012

YESHI TSERING ཡེ་ཤེས་ཚེས་རིང་།


June 01, 2012

Dhangshar Yondhen Gyatso ཏིང་ཤར་ཡོན་ཏན་རྒྱ་མཚོ།


May 31, 2012

Journey from Fear to Freedom: Sonam - Tholong Gonpa, Nyari

After the Dalai Lama's miraculous escape from Lhasa, the PLA troops started a vicious crackdown all over Tibet by arresting all the influential figures in the society as well as by subjecting Tibetans to a series of politically charged meetings. Being the manager of Tholing Monastery, Sonam was also detained and subjected to interrogation for a number of days. Upon his unexpected release, Sonam, along with all the monks of Tholing Gonpa immediately made plans to escape. Sonam recalls how he first came to learn of the Dalai Lama's escape to India and how the monks and general Tibetan populace reacted to this news.


May 31, 2012

From working with the PLA to fighting with the PLA - Ngawang Losang , Markham

Ngawang Lobsang la was born in Markham into a semi-nomadic family. In his early 20s while living in Lhasa, he started working as a goods carrier for the Peopel's Liberation Army for four years. He speaks in detail about his life working with the PLA. After leaving his job with the PLA, Ngawang became a trader between Tibet and Bhutan nomads. However, in 1958, he joined the Chushi-Gangdruk when there was a national call to join and fight against the PLA.


May 30, 2012

Nyarong Uprsing and the PLA Response: Nyarong Artring

In the winter of 1956, Nyarong people under the unified leadership of Gyari Dorjee Youdon rose up against the might of PLA troops in anticipation of China's planned democratic reforms. The ensuing battles were fierce and the stakes high for both sides but the Nyarong warriors fought until the situation tilted heavily against their side. Artring being one the first volunteer fighters from Nyarong, describes the conditions that forced the Nyarong people to rise up and how the rebellion was finally overpowered by the PLA troops.


May 29, 2012

From working with the PLA to fighting with the PLA - Ngawang Losang , Markham (Part II)

Ngawang Lobsang was born in Markham into a semi-nomadic family. In his early 20s while living in Lhasa, he started working as a goods carrier for the Peopel's Liberation Army for four years. He speaks in detail about his life working with the PLA. After leaving his job with the PLA, Ngawang became a trader between Tibet and Bhutan nomads. However, in 1958, he joined the Chushi-Gangdruk when there was a national call to join and fight against the PLA.


May 28, 2012

Rembering Lungshar and Lhalu: Porong Jewoan Se, Kunsang Jampa

Tsepon Lungshar and Lhau Tsewang Dorjee were two of the most high profile figures in the making of modern Tibetan history. Both of them at different times held various prominent government positions of major influence and reach and both are still remembered for different reasons by people of all ages.Kunsang Jampa remembers the life, work and times of his brother (Lhalu) and stepfather (Lungshar) and he also recounts how he personally was affected by the events of 1959.


May 28, 2012

Armed Resistance and Revolt from Golog Sertha: Tehor Phuntsok

Beginning from 1957, thousands of Kham warriors from different parts of Kham have started gathering in Golog Sertha and began a series of brutal and daring assault on PLA troops well into the late 1959. Tehor Phuntsok was one of those few surviving fighters and he recollects the armed resistance campaigns they have launched and how finally PLA troops overwhelmed the once seemingly invincible Golog Sertha fighters.


May 27, 2012

Journey from Amdo to Lhasa: Aku Pema, Amdo Rebgong

Aku Pema lived through the times when people in Amdo region were terrorized by the Muslim warlord Ma Bufang's troops. In 1946, in the thick of winter, Aku Pema undertook a daring and dangerous journey to Lhasa which took almost three months. Upon his arrival in Lhasa, Aku Pema witnessed the political turmoil that roiled the Holy City as a result of Ratreng and Tagtra power struggle. In this program, he recounts the risk, danger and the hardships of that journey and the tension-gripped political climate of Lhasa.


May 26, 2012

1958 Thrindu Resistance - Thupa la & Ngawang Kyinzom

In the year 1944, Thupa la became a monk at the age of 13 in Thrindu Labrang ( Eastern Tibet) and at age 22, he became Chatsoe ( treasurer) of Thrindu Tulku. He tells his experiences of the 1950 arrival of PLA via Chamdo and the hardship experienced under the Democratic Reform Policy in 1956. His wife Ngawang Lhamo (daughter of Thrindu Chieftan) spoke about how her father voiced his resistance and took up arms. In 1958, Thrindu was defeated and they escaped to Nagchu and later on to India.


May 25, 2012

Tsering Palden: The Life of a Doompa Nomad

Tsering Palden la was born in Doompa, Utsang region of Tibet where he was brought up into the life of a Tibetan nomad. Doompas since the time of His Holiness the 5th Dalai Lama were assigned the responsibility of guarding the Yak la Mountain Pass of the Tibet-Bhutan Border. He speaks about the legends of Yak La and the intricacies of the Kagyu Doompa Monastery where Men and Women lived a monastic life together.


May 24, 2012

Invasion of Amdo: Amdo Dhodar

Tsering Palden la was born in Doompa, Utsang region of Tibet where he was brought up into the life of a Tibetan nomad. Doompas since the time of His Holiness the 5th Dalai Lama were assigned the responsibility of guarding the Yak la Mountain Pass of the Tibet-Bhutan Border. He speaks about the legends of Yak La and the intricacies of the Kagyu Doompa Monastery where Men and Women lived a monastic life together.


May 23, 2012

A Norbulingka Palace Security Guard - Amdo Tenzin, Amdo

At age 8, Amdo Tenzin became a monk at Jajung Monastery in Amdo Chungya. In 1958, he left for Lhasa and joined the Sera Monastery. On March 11th, 1959, he joined with other volunteers as security guard of the Norbulingka Palace. He is able to give a detailed recollection of the events that followed. Later on, he joined the Amdo regiment of the Chu-Shi-Gang-Druk headed by Amdo Jinpa Gyatso.


May 22, 2012

Arrest and Torture in Nyero - Tsering Yangdol, Tsang Nyero

During the height of Chinese repression, the PLA troops not only arrested all of Yangdoe’s three fathers but their whole house and all belongings were subsequently confiscated by the PLA work unit. Although she was a young and innocent girl at the time but she could still recollect that dark chapter of her life with vivid detail and hence stand as a poignant living witness to what happened some 50 years back in a small village in Tsang.


May 22, 2012

PLA’s Air and Ground Assault in Chang Damshung: Dhadak, Dhaje Zong

In the Spring of 1960, the CIA airdropped three plan-loads of weapons to Tibetan volunteer fighters in Chang Damshung. Almost immediately after that, employing seven fighter planes and nearly seventy thousands troops, the PLA launched a lethal offensive on some three thousand poorly trained yet determined Tibetan fighters stationed in Damshung. Dhadak la recounts the events leading up-to this all-out conflict and the human cost of this particular brutal assault.


May 22, 2012

Tingri During the Tumultuous Period of 1950s - Bhu Dhola, Tingri Rachu

Beginning from the early 1950s, China started a series of major highway network projects all over Tibet especially in the border region with the aim of ensuring their colonial ambition. By the middle of 1950s, numerous highway projects were already underway in many areas bordering India and Nepal. Bhu Dhola being the head of one such project in the Tingri region, recounts the trials and tribulations of Tibetan laborers at the time and how he tried to find a balance between the PLA’s demands and local laborers actual hardships.


May 21, 2012

Life of a Dob Dob - Lobsang Lungtok

Dob-Dobs are generally defined as a disciplinarian who can be defined through their physical fitness and their robes. Lobsang Lungtok became a monk at the age of 7 in Drepung Loseling Monastery in Tibet and at the age of 18, he joined the ranks of Dob Dob. Lobsang tells his story of the life of a Dob Dob


May 20, 2012

Invasion of Amdo Amdo Dhodar

By 1952, China has not only deployed a huge military and civilian presence in many parts of Amdo, but many of them were activity involved in cracking down on any semblance of Tibetan resistance . Amdo Dhodar recounts the historic changes taking place in his hometown during the tumultuous years of 1950s through his own personal experience.


May 19, 2012

Fall of the Last Khampa Stronghold- Gen Yidham Kyap, Kham Tihor

Outnumbered and outgunned, the Khampa rebels lost their last major stronghold of Sertha mountians to the Red Army in the Spring of 1959. Forced out of their base, a group of almost 200 fighters fled to U-Stang under difficult and tiring circumstances. Gen Yi Dham Kyap recollects the first part of that epic journey and the initial onslaughts by the PLA forces. After almost a year of enduring journey through many inhospitable terrains and 33 major battles with the Red Army, they finally reached the border.


May 18, 2012

Daring Heroism of Sera Monks- Changtso Ngawang Tenpa, Lhasa

In just over 48 hours after the Dalai Lama’s escape from Norbulingka, the PLA troops launched a full-scale attack on Lhasa primarily targeting Norbulingka and Potalala. On the day of PLA’s assaults, braving heavy bombardment and shelling, a group of nearly one thousand monks from Sera went to obtain weapons from Potala armory. Changtso Ngawang Tenpa recounts how despite heavy odds, the group led by him were finally able to obtain the weapons and the story thereafter.


May 17, 2012

Memories of Jiuquan Prison Tenpa Soepa

In 1959, a group of mostly former official prisoners were sent to a prison in Jiuquan, Gansu Province. After three years in Jiuquan, only a handful of frail and worn-out prisoners were able to return back to Lhasa while the majority of them have died due to starvation and extreme hardship. Tenpa Soepa was one of those prisoners who were able to return to Tibet and he recounts the Tibetan prisoners’ collective stories of pain, endurance and suffering in one of the most notorious prison in China at the time.


May 16, 2012

59 Lhasa Uprising and Its Impacts on Phenbo Gyaltsen

Phenbo Gyaltsen has not only witnessed but also participated in the Tibetan Women led demonstration which happened right after the March 10th Uprising. He recollects the major events surrounding the March 10 incident and its impacts on his hometown, Phenbo. He explains how the turn of events around that time have forced him to leave his entire family to join the resistance force led by Khampa warriors.


May 15, 2012

Tingri Under the Red Flag- Bhu Wangchuk, Toe Tingri

Around the time of Lhasa Uprising in 1959, thousands of armed PLA troops occupied Shelkar Zhong and seized government weapons stockpiled there. At that time, PLA troops detained a number of prominent personalities including Bhu Wangchuk and his father; who was a respected Tibetan army general. Bhu Wangchuk la recollects the events leading to their arrest and his father’s condition thereafter.


May 14, 2012

Restriction of Chamdo : Ama Dolkar

As the Chinese Government celebrates the 60th anniversary of "Peaceful Liberation" of Chamdo, Ama Dolkar la recalls the military invasion of Chamdo by People's Liberation Army in October,1950


May 13, 2012

17th Point Agreement and Dalai Lama’s China Trip : Sadhu Rinchen Dhondup

Sadhu Rinchen Dhondup was the English interpreter to the Tibetan delegation who was sent to negotiate peace with the Beijing authority. Dhondup remembers the anxieties, fears and the constant threats the delegation members endured, until the signing of the now infamous 17th Point Agreement. Dhondup also discusses his roles and responsibilities as one of the chief coordinator of Dalai Lama’s China trip in 1954.


May 12, 2012

1952 Resistance Meeting - Changtsoe Ngawang Tenpa, Lhasa

Changtsoe Ngawang Tenpa’s teacher was one of the main organizers of the 1st people resistance meeting against the People’s Liberation Army in Lhasa in 1952. He was also part of the first tour group of Tibetans invited to Beijing in 1952 by the Chinese government.


May 11, 2012

Memories of My Great Teacher, Gedun Chophel-Rakra Tethong Rinpoche

Rakra Rinpoche reminisces the life and works of Gedun Chophel through his personal and academic relationship with the great Lotswa. He talks about how his initial admiration and respect for Gedun Chophel’s academic greatness has turned into a deep personal relationship that has endured many difficult times. Rinpoche also recounts his experience at Tagor’s University, Shantineketan where went to learn Sanskrit and Hindi.


May 10, 2012

Nyanan as a Lively and Dynamic Trade Center - Rinchen Dharlo, Nyanang Tsondue

Nyanang was a major trading center (pre 1959) and a dynamic frontier region situated near the foothills of Himalayan range. Throughout the years, many traders from Nepal, Lhasa and other regions of Tibet, greatly contributed to the region’s socio-economic advancement. Rinchen Dharlo recounts the daily livelihood of the inhabitants in the context of different variety of trade and exchanges that were prevalent in pre-59 Nyanang.

2012
 Next

Reconstructing The 1950s A growing archive of interviews that tell the personal stories of Tibetans who lived through the historic changes that took place 50 years ago in Tibet when the Chinese army marched into Tibet.

  • Schedule: Tuesday & Sunday
  • UTC Time: 1400 & 0400
  • Duration: 25 minutes

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Kunleng News Oct 29, 2014i
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29.10.2014
ཨ་རིའི་གྲོས་ཚོགས་ཀྱི་འོས་བསྡུ་བར་མ། སྲིད་འཛིན་བྷ་རག་ཨོ་བྷ་མ། ཀླད་རྩའི་འགྱུར་ལྡོག་དང་གསོ་ཐབས། ཆོས་ལུགས་ཀྱི་ར་བ་ལས་བརྒལ་བའི་བགྲོ་གླེང་། ཆོས་ལུགས་དང་མ་འབྲེལ་བའི་ཡ་རབས་བཟང་སྤྱོད། ཚངས་དབྱངས་རྒྱ་མཚོ་ལ་ལོ་༡༢་ཀྱི་ཁྲིམས་ཆད། དོན་འགྲུབ་དབང་ཆེན་ལ་གཟེངས་རྟགས། བོད་ཀྱི་བདེ་རྩ་ཚོགས་པ་བཙུགས་ནས་ལོ་བཅུ་འཁོར་བ། སྲིད་སྐྱོང་བློ་བཟང་སེངྒེ་།